Because of its aroma and flavor, vanilla is a true tropical treasure. It is widely known for its fruits, shaped like small pods, from which an extract (vanillin) is obtained, which is used as a flavoring for food, beverages, and cosmetics. Its cultural history dates back to the pre-Hispanic Indians, who used it in religious ceremonies and rituals, considering it a sacred spice. It was also used for medicinal purposes and to flavor a cocoa-based beverage: a tradition that has been maintained to this day. Vanilla is one of the most popular and sought-after spices in the world. Today, a synthetic type is also marketed, which is cheaper and simpler than the natural one.